• A noun is a word that names a person, a place, or a thing.
  • A noun that names only one person, place, or thing is called a singular noun.
  • A noun that names more than one person, a place, or a thing is called a plural noun.
Person Place Thing
dentists (plural) New York (singular) pears (plural)
sister (singular) zoo (singular) fan (singular)
Julio (singular) towns (plural) notebook (singular)
children (plural) beaches (plural) buses (plural)
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  • An adjective is a word that describes a noun. An adjective can tell what kind or how many.
What Kind How Many
We have a large dog. Our dog has five puppies.
Our dog has tiny, brown spots. Many dogs love children.

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  • A verb is a word that can show action. When a verb tells what people or things do it is called an action verb.
  • A present tense verb shows action that is happening now.
  • A past tense verb shows action that has already happened.
  • A future tense verb shows action that will happen.
Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense
Bats hunt at night. The bats hunted last night. The bats will hunt tonight.
The bats fly quickly. The bats flew overhead. The bats will fly later.

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  • An adverb is a word that describes a verb.
  • An adverb can tell how, when, or where.
How When Where
I read books quickly. I read books often. I keep my books upstairs.
I read newspapers slowly. I always read the newspaper. I buy my newspaper there.

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  • An exclamation can be a word, a phrase, or a sentence that shows strong feeling.
  • It is followed by an exclamation point.
Word Phrase Sentence
Wow! Oh, no! What a terrific song!
Yippee! No way! We won the championship!

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