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State Facts

Full Name

State of Texas

Admitted to the Union (Rank)

December 29, 1845 (28th)

Population 2000 (Rank)

20,851,820 (2nd)

Land Area (Rank)

261,797 square miles; 678,051 square kilometers (2nd)

Capital

Austin

Postal Abbreviation

TX

State Nickname

Lone Star State

Motto

Friendship

Song

“Texas, Our Texas” (music by William J. Marsh and Gladys Yoakum Wright)

State Symbols

  • Flower: Bluebonnet
  • Tree: Pecan
  • Bird: Mockingbird
  • Gem: Texas blue topaz
  • Stone: Petrified palmwood
  • Small Mammal: Armadillo
  • Flying Mammal: Mexican free-tailed bat
  • Dish: Chili
  • Plant: Prickly pear cactus

Economy

  • Agriculture:
    • Cattle,
    • cotton,
    • dairy products,
    • nursery stock,
    • poultry,
    • sorghum,
    • corn,
    • wheat
  • Industry:
    • Chemical products,
    • petroleum and natural gas,
    • food processing,
    • electric equipment,
    • machinery,
    • mining,
    • tourism