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State Facts

Full Name

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Admitted to the Union (Rank)

December 12, 1787 (2nd)

Population 2000 (Rank)

12,281,054 (6th)

Land Area (Rank)

44,817 square miles; 116,074 square kilometers (32nd)

Capital

Harrisburg

Postal Abbreviation

PA

State Nickname

Keystone State

Motto

Virtue, liberty, and independence

Song

“Pennsylvania” (music by Eddie Khoury and Ronnie Bonner)

State Symbols

  • Flower: Mountain laurel
  • Tree: Hemlock
  • Bird: Ruffed grouse
  • Dog: Great Dane
  • Colors: Blue and gold

Economy

  • Agriculture:
    • Dairy products,
    • poultry,
    • cattle,
    • nursery stock,
    • mushrooms,
    • hogs,
    • hay
  • Industry:
    • Food processing,
    • chemical products,
    • machinery,
    • electric equipment,
    • tourism