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State Facts

Full Name

State of Idaho

Admitted to the Union (Rank)

July 3, 1890 (43rd)

Population 2000 (Rank)

1,293,953 (39th)

Land Area (Rank)

82,747 square miles; 214,314 square kilometers (11th)

Capital

Boise

Postal Abbreviation

ID

State Nickname

Gem State

Motto

Esto perpetua (It is forever)

Song

“Here We Have Idaho” (music by Sallie Hume-Douglas, words by Albert J. Tompkins and McKinley Helm)

State Symbols

  • Flower: Syringa
  • Tree: Western white pine
  • Bird: Mountain bluebird
  • Gem: Star garnet
  • Horse: Appaloosa
  • Folk Dance: Square dance

Economy

  • Agriculture:
    • Cattle,
    • potatoes,
    • dairy products,
    • wheat,
    • sugar beets,
    • barley
  • Industry:
    • Food processing,
    • lumber and wood products,
    • machinery,
    • chemical products,
    • paper products,
    • silver and other mining,
    • tourism