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State Facts

Full Name

State of Alabama

Admitted to the Union (Rank)

December 14, 1819 (22nd)

Population 2000 (Rank)

4,447,100 (23rd)

Land Area (Rank)

50,744 square miles; 131,426 square kilometers (28th)

Capital

Montgomery

Postal Abbreviation

AL

State Nicknames

  • Yellowhammer State,
  • The Heart of Dixie,
  • The Cotton State

Motto

Audemus jura nostra defendere (We dare defend our rights)

Song

“Alabama” (music by Edna Glockel-Gussen, words by Julia Tutwiler)

State Symbols

  • Flower: Camellia
  • Tree: Southern longleaf pine
  • Bird: Yellowhammer
  • Gem: Star blue quartz
  • Stone: Marble
  • Nut: Pecan
  • Dance: Square dance

Economy

  • Agriculture:
    • Poultry,
    • soybeans,
    • milk,
    • vegetables,
    • wheat,
    • cattle,
    • cotton,
    • peanuts,
    • fruit,
    • hogs,
    • corn
  • Industry:
    • Paper,
    • lumber and wood products,
    • mining,
    • rubber and plastic products,
    • transportation equipment,
    • apparel