Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 6, Lesson 2, The First Western President (pp. 172-178)

I. The Rise of Jacksonian Politics

II. A Strong Presidency

    A. President Jackson gave public jobs to the members of his political party. This became known as the spoils system.

    B. President Jackson forced Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River further west so settlers could have their land.

    C. Jackson opposed the national bank and moved government funds to state banks run by his friends.

III. The Federal Union Put to the Test

    A. In response to high tariffs, Southern states created the doctrine of states' rights and the ideas that a state could nullify, or refuse to enforce, federal laws.

    B. In 1832, South Carolina held a state convention that nullified tariffs of 1828 and 1832, and prevented the collection of them.

    C. Congress gradually lowered the tariff and South Carolina repealed its nullification law.

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