Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 18, Lesson 2: Conflict and Conquest (pp. 533-540)

I. Policing the Hemisphere

II. Conflict with Spain

    A. American journalists twisted the facts about Cubans' struggle for independence from Spain in order to gain support for declaring war on Spain in 1898.

    B. After rapid and decisive military victories, Spain was defeated and gave up Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States.

    C. From 1899 to 1902, the United States fought with Filipinos to maintain control over the Philippines.

III. Building the Panama Canal
    A. President Roosevelt supported American businesses' desire to build a canal through Central America to increase access to Asian and Latin American markets.

    B. By encouraging Panamanians to declare independence from Columbia, the United States gained the right to build and operate a canal through Panama.

    C. The United States used the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, which claimed the U.S. could interfere in the internal affairs of Latin American countries, to send troops into Haiti, Panama, Cuba, Nicaragua, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic.

IV. Tension with Mexico
    A. Because President Wilson opposed Mexico's government, he used an incident with an American ship as an excuse to send troops to Mexico in 1914, which helped topple the Mexican government.

    B. Wilson also sent troops to Mexico in 1916 in response to raid by Pancho Villa, a revolutionary who opposed the government that the United States supported.

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