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The Renaissance

Answer Key

The Renaissance was a period in western European history from 1300 to 1600. Increased trade between European cities and the rest of the world weakened the feudal manor and helped cities grow. Local lords were not as powerful as they were during the Middle Ages and peasants found new freedoms at home and in the cities. The decline of feudalism and the movement of people and ideas made the Renaissance a time of great advances in western history. Inventions such as the printing press and fast production of books helped disseminate knowledge of ancient Greece and Rome and of science and medicine. The arts also flourished as people created new techniques and discovered new subjects to paint and sculpt. Artists, scientists, inventors, writers, philosophers, and others examined and explored their world with a new outlook.

The chart below lists accomplishments from the Renaissance period. Use the names below the chart to identify they person responsible for each accomplishment. Write the names in the column on the left next to the appropriate accomplishment. Visit you local library or use the Internet to learn about each person in the list.

Pieter BrueghelPainted The Peasant Dance, a painting that relied on detail and realism.
Niccolò MachiavelliWrote a book called The Prince.
Filippo BrunelleschiDesigned and built a dome for the Florence Cathedral.
Leonardo da VinciInvented and sketched early tanks and cars.
Miguel de CervantesWrote Don Quixote.
MichelangeloPainted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Prince Henry of PortugalEstablished a center of navigation and exploration.
Louise LabéAuthor who encouraged women to write books.
Johannes GutenbergInvented moveable type printing press.
Artemisia GentileschiPainted pictures of strong women including a self-portrait.
Sir Thomas MoreWrote a book titled Utopia in which he shared a vision of a society of equals.
William ShakespeareWrote the play Romeo and Juliet, among others.
Martin LutherWrote the Ninety-Five Theses challenging the Catholic Church.
John CalvinPreached about reforming the church. Geneva became the center of the Calvinist religion.
Nicolaus CopernicusPublished the theory that the Earth was not the center of the universe.
Robert HookeDeveloped the compound microscope.
Andreas VesaliusPublished detailed descriptions of the human anatomy.
Galileo GalileiCreated a powerful telescope and was the first to observe and record sunspots.
Ambrose ParéSurgeon who developed the use of bandages.
Christopher ColumbusTraveled to the Caribbean Sea, explored, and claimed large areas for Spain.

Christopher Columbus
Ambrose Paré
Galileo Galilei
Andreas Vesalius
Robert Hooke
Nicolaus Copernicus
John Calvin
Johannes Gutenberg
Artemisia Gentileschi
Sir Thomas More
William Shakespeare
Martin Luther
Pieter Brueghel
Niccolò Machiavelli
Filippo Brunelleschi
Leonardo da Vinci
Miguel de Cervantes
Prince Henry of Portugal
Louise Labé

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