Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 9, Lesson 4: Japan: Unified Yet Isolated (pp. 237-241)

I. An All-Powerful Shogunate

II. Control of the Classes
    A. The Tokugawa shogunate enforced a strict social system with special restrictions on each class.

    B. Below the shogun and daimyo were four classes: samurai warriors, artisans, peasants, and merchants.

    C. Despite their position at the bottom of the social scale, merchants prospered under the Tokugawa as trade within Japan increased.

III. A New and Different Culture
    A. As the merchants grew wealthy, they sought out new forms of entertainment, which later won over the upper classes.

    B. Theaters, teahouses, gambling houses, wrestling places, and public baths sprang up in the cities.

    C. Plays for Kabuki theater and haikus -- new forms of literature which developed during the Tokugawa period -- continue to be popular today.

IV. Southeast Asia
    A. Hinduism affected Southeast Asian ideas about monarchy, law, religion, art and language while Chinese influences were more political and military.

    B. Trade routes for silk, spices, and other goods led from China to Vietnam, Indonesia, and Malaya.

    C. The Muslim state of Malacca became a trading center in the 1500s.

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