Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 9, Lesson 1: Land of the Rising Sun (pp. 222-226)

I. The Islands of Japan

II. The Early People of Japan
    A. Hunter-gatherers lived in Japan over 10,000 years ago. Around 200-100 B.C. they were pushed north. Their descendants may be the Ainu, who live on Hokkaido.

    B. Other early cultures included the Jomon people (c. 8000 B.C.), fishers and hunter-gatherers who probably came from Korea, and the Yayoi (c. 200 B.C.), who settled on Honshu and introduced rice cultivation and used metal tools.

    C. The early Japanese practiced the Shinto religion and believed that the natural world was filled with spirits and that their emperor's family was descended from the Sun Goddess.

    D. Sometime after A.D. 400 an imperial family emerged from one of the warrior clans from southeastern Honshu.

III. Korea and the Spread of Chinese Influence in Japan
    A. Both rice cultivation and Buddhism came to Korea from China. By the 660s, Korea was sending Buddhist scholars and priests to Japan.

    B. Buddhism and Chinese culture were encouraged in Japan by Prince Shotoku.

    C. After Shotoku's death, the government instituted a series of Chinese-style changes, the Taika Reforms, which reduced the power of the clans and strengthened the power of the emperor.

    D. In 710 a new capital was built at Nara.

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