Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 8, Lesson 3: China and the Larger World (pp. 209-215)

I. The Mongols in China

II. The Ming Dynasty
    A. In 1368, the Chinese rebelled against the Mongols. Their leader, Emperor Taizu, founded the Ming Dynasty.

    B. Emperor Taizu reestablished traditional institutions like the civil service exams and public works projects. He also abolished slavery.

    C. Many Ming rulers became despots, wasting money and using secret police and false accusations to control the people.

    D. After thirty years of sea-based exploration of the Middle East and the east coast of Africa, Ming emperors decided for forbid further voyages and restrict international trade.

    E. In 1514, the first Portuguese ship reached China. European merchants and missionaries helped spread previously unknown foods, products, and ideas back and forth between continents.

III. The Qing Dynasty
    A. In the early 1600s, peasants in the south rebelled. Seeing an opportunity to take control, the Manchus, a tribal people from the north, invaded China and overthrew the Ming Dynasty.

    B. The Manchus established the Qing Dynasty, which lasted until 1912. With the introduction of movable type in the 1500s, there was a boom in publishing and literacy rates rose.

    C. Under the Qing, China grew. By 1400, China had 60 million people; by 1850, 430 million. By then its territory included parts of modern-day Manchuria, Mongolia, Burma, and Vietnam.

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