Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Across the Centuries

Lesson at a Glance
Chapter 8, Lesson 3: China and the Larger World (pp. 209-215)

The Big Idea
Framework Concepts: Interconnectedness and Change Over a 700-year period, China opened and closed to outside contacts. The Mongols ruled China at the beginning of this period, opening the country up to the "worldwide" exchange of goods and ideas. When the Chinese overthrew these foreigners, the Ming Dynasty (after a brief period of exploration), forbade outside contact. This may have been an effort to restore and strengthen Chinese traditions and identity. European traders and missionaries gradually started to filter into China after the 1550s. Even after a successful rebellion against centuries of Ming despotism, however, the new, Manchu Qing Dynasty also discouraged outside contact, though allowing a limited amount of trade.

Lesson Outline
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Check for Understanding


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