Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 7, Lesson 3: The Mughal Empire

I. On the Eve of the Empire

II. Founders of the Empire
    A. Babur, a Muslim Turk from central Asia, conquered the Delhi Sultanate in 1517. He established the Mughal Empire, which lasted from 1526 to 1858.

    B. Babur's grandson, Akbar, was the greatest Mughal emperor, expanding the Empire, integrating the Hindus, and reforming the government.

III. Inheritors of the Empire
    A. Akbar's grandson Shah Jahan, who ruled from 1628 to 1658, poured vast amounts of money into construction projects.

    B. Shah Jahan seriously threatened the empire's economy by draining the treasury.

IV. End of the Empire
    A. The empire weakened under Shah Jahan's son, Aurangzeb, who fought costly wars and created intolerant policies, which stirred the Hindus to rebel.

    B. After Aurangzeb's death in 1707, rulers continued to lose land to rebels.

    C. In 1818, Great Britain took control of India and the last Mughal ruler formally gave up the throne in 1858.


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