Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 7, Lesson 1: The Mongols (pp. 162-169)

I. The Life of Mongol Nomads

II. Mongol Leadership
    A. In 1206, a strong leader named Temujin (Genghis Khan) was elected khan, or leader, of the Mongol tribes.

    B. Genghis Khan shaped the Mongol warriors into a powerful army that conquered all the lands between Beijing and the Caspian Sea.

    C. To rule his empire, Genghis Khan used the knowledge of captured foreigners. He allowed foreigners to travel Mongol lands.

III. The Later Khans
    A. Genghis Khan's grandson, Kublai Khan, was elected Great Khan and reigned from 1260 to 1294.

    B. Kublai Khan expanded the Mongol Empire to include China, eastern Europe, and Russia and developed programs to stabilize it.

    C. The Mongol Empire was so vast that by 1300 it was impossible to control and conquered peoples began to rebel.

    D. Tamerlane attempted to hold the empire together but after his death in 1405 it gradually lost its power.

IV. The Impact of the Mongols
    A. The Mongols showed tolerance for different religions.

    B. The Mongols also promoted trade and travel throughout their empire, reviving the Silk Road.

    C. The Mongol Empire helped spread new ideas from Asia to Europe.


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