Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 6, Lesson 3: The Rise of the Zimbabwe State (pp. 145-148)

I. The Builders of Great Zimbabwe

II. The Gold Mines of Zimbabwe

III. The Breakup of Zimbabwe

    A. In about 1450, the chiefs of Zimbabwe's gold-producing provinces declared independence from Great Zimbabwe and created a new empire called Monomutapa.

    B. Eventually, civil wars weakened and split the new empire.

    C. Portuguese traders sought to control Monomutapa's mines and trade.

    D. By the late 1600s, Portuguese interference so weakened the empire that it was conquered by its southern neighbors.

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