Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 4, Lesson 3: Islamic Spain (pp. 95-100)

I. The Return of the Umayyads

II. Glory of Cordoba
    A. Under Umayyad rule, Cordoba became a thriving, modern cultural and economic center with a population of 200,000 people.

    B. As the cultural and intellectual center of western Islam, Cordoba attracted Muslims and non-Muslims to its libraries and schools.

III. The Loss of Spain
    A. In the late 1000s, Christian forces from around Europe joined Christian Spain to fight the Muslims.

    B. As the fighting continued, the Muslim government dissolved into factions, weakening the kingdom.

    C. By 1492, the last of the Muslims were driven out of southern Spain by Ferdinand and Isabella.

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