Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 3, Lesson 2: Muhammad and Islam (pp. 58-64)

I. The Life of the Prophet

II. The Teachings of Islam
    A. Muslims believe that the Qur'an is the word of Allah, completing the earlier revelations of Old Testament prophets and Jesus.

    B. Islam has close ties to Judaism and Christianity, sharing many prophets and holy people described in the Bible.

    C. Muslims accept five basic duties, called the Five Pillars of Islam. These include belief in one God, praying five times a day, giving alms to the poor, fasting during Ramadan, and the Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca.

III. Islam as a Way of Life
    A. The Sunna, or guiding rules for Islam, includes not only the Five Pillars of Islam, but many additional moral standards that a Muslim must live by in everyday life.

    B. The Islamic term, jihad, means "to struggle." The Qur'an and Sunna only allow jihad as a means to defend against aggression and persecution.

    C. The Sunna also sets guidelines for the treatment of women.

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