Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 3, Lesson 1, Desert Bloom -- Caravan Cities (pp. 52-57)

I. Early Arabia

II. Towns and Trade
    A. Caravan trade routes served to carry people and goods across the Arabian Peninsula and linked the Mediterranean world with the East.

    B. Oases towns and seaports along the trade routes became prosperous trading centers.

    C. The open-air marketplace, or suq, was a place where merchants could sell their goods.

III. The Holy City of Mecca
    A. The city of Mecca was located at the crossroads of two heavily-traveled trade routes.

    B. Muslims believe that Abraham and Ishmael built the Ka'bah in Mecca, a cube-shaped shrine where idols were placed over time.

    C. The Quraysh tribe, by ensuring safe passage, encouraged merchants and others to make pilgrimages to Mecca to worship.

    D. By A.D. 500, the city became the most successful trade center in Arabia.

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