Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 2, Lesson 1: The Fall of the Roman Empire (pp. 26-31)

I. The Empire in Prosperity

II. The Empire in Crisis

    A. In the late A.D. 300s, thousands of barbarians entered the empire for protection from the Huns.

    B. Generals and politicians fought for control of the Roman Empire, straining the treasury and food supply.

III. The Empire in Transition
    A. In A.D. 284, Emperor Diocletian tried to reform the empire by dividing it among four rulers in four capitals and by increasing the size of the Roman army.

    B. In A.D. 324, Emperor Constantine tried to stabilize the empire by establishing a stronger eastern capital city at Byzantium.

    C. In A.D. 395, the Roman Empire split in two, with the Roman Empire in the west and the Byzantine Empire in the east.

    D. The Byzantine Empire prospered for the next 1,000 years, but the last Roman emperor eventually fell in A.D. 76.

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