Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 16, Lesson 3: The Arrival of the Spanish (pp. 437-442)

I. The Empires Weaken

II. Old and New Worlds Clash

    A. The weakened Aztec and Inca empires could not resist the powerful Spanish.

    B. Cortes captured Moctezuma and conquered the Aztec capital.

    C. Pizarro conquered the Inca through trickery.

III. Two Empires Destroyed

    A. Technologically superior weapons gave the Spanish a major advantage over the Aztec and Inca.

    B. The Spanish took advantage of the internal divisions in the empires.

    C. European diseases had a disastrous effect on the Aztec and Inca.

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