Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Across the Centuries

Lesson at a Glance
Chapter 12, Lesson 1: Europe at the End of the Middle Ages (pp. 310-315)

The Big Idea
Framework Concept: Change During the late Middle Ages, famine, plague, and war changed the European way of life. Among the effects were: centralized governments, increased trade and commerce, and the new respect given to individualism.

Lesson Outline
Use the Lesson Outline to preview the content of the lesson. You may wish to print it for your students as a guide during reading.

Check for Understanding


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