Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 9, Lesson 2, The Age of Confucius (pp. 270-274)

I. An Age of Change

II. Confucius the Teacher

    A. Confucianism, a code of behavior, has influenced Chinese thought for over 2,500 years.

    B. Confucius taught that sincerity, loyalty, and mutual respect should be the center of all relationships, and that obedience to one's parents was vital.

    C. Confucius taught that rulers should rule by good example, and act like a father to his people.

    D. Mencius spread the ideas of Confucianism.

III. Opponents of Confucianism

    A. Moists believed in equal love for all people, and that such universal love would bring benefits, such as peace.

    B. Legalists believed people were naturally bad and required a government of strict laws and harsh punishments to keep their evil under control.

    C. Daoists believed human nature was neither good nor bad, and that people should live a simple and thoughtful life in harmony with nature.

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