Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 8, Lesson 2, Arrival of the Aryans (pp. 229-234)

I. Who Were the Aryans?

II. What Do the Vedas Reveal?

    A. As the Aryans and the Indus Valley people combined cultures, they ended up with a four-class system.

    B. Divisions within classes were called castes. People did not change castes.

    C. The Aryans worshipped divine beings or gods, and priests became very powerful in their society.

III. What Remains Today of Aryan Ways?

    A. Sanskrit, the language spoken by the Aryans, is the root of Hindi, one of the most common languages of modern India.

    B. Many people in modern India still follow the caste system created by the Aryans thousands of years ago.

    C. Religion is the most lasting heritage of the Aryans.

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