Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 13, Lesson 2: The Rise of the Republic (pp. 406-411)

I. Patricians and Plebeians

II. Struggle for Rights

    A. In 494 B.C. the plebeians demanded greater rights by withdrawing from the city, forming their own assembly, and electing their own leaders.

    B. In the 300s B.C., the plebeians obtained more rights, such as the right to become members of the Senate.

    C. In 287 B.C., after more than 200 years of struggle and once more withdrawing from the city, the plebeians obtained equality under Roman law.

III. Roman Government
    A. The Roman government and the army were managed by two consuls, a patrician and a plebeian.

    B. The consuls were advised by the Senate, which controlled the treasury and foreign policy.

    C. Laws proposed by the Senate could be approved or disapproved by the citizens' assemblies.

IV. Early Expansion
    A. Year after year, the Roman army marched off to expand the area under Roman control.

    B. By 338 B.C. Rome had conquered Latium and Etruria, and by 275 B.C., Rome ruled the whole Italian peninsula.

    C. Rome did not punish the people it conquered, but instead made them allies.

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