Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 10, Lesson 2, Kings, Prophets, and Priests (pp. 308-314)

I. The Monarchy

II. The Message of the Prophets

    A. In 587 B.C. the Babylonians conquered Judah, destroyed the city of Jerusalem and the temple, and took 15,000 prisoners to Babylonia.

    B. Jewish prophets, who interpreted the will of God, said the Jewish people were being punished for breaking their covenant with God.

    C. The prophets preached that if the Jews obeyed the laws of God, they would someday be able to return to their homeland.

III. A People Governed by Priests

    A. The Babylonians allowed the Jews to return to Judah, but Jerusalem and the surrounding territory remained a province of Persia.

    B. Without a king, leadership of the Jews fell to the priests, who oversaw the rebuilding of the temple, the celebration of religious holidays, and the following of laws.

    C. In the 400s B.C., Ezra, a priest and scribe, collected the holy writings that became the Torah.

    D. Some Jews came to believe that a messiah would someday free the people and restore Israel's independence.

IV. The Revolt of the Maccabees

    A. New rulers from Syria brought Greek culture to Israel.

    B. A Jewish priest and his son, Judah Maccabee fought a two-year rebellion against the Syrians.

    C. In 164 B.C., the Maccabees drove the Syrians out of the area around Jerusalem and restored independence to Judah.

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