Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 7, Lesson 2, Life in Ancient Egypt (pp. 191-198)

I. The Egyptian Religion

II. A Writing System

    A. The earliest Egyptian writing was called hieroglyphics and used pictures to represent objects, ideas, and sounds.

    B. Decoding the Rosetta Stone, in A.D. 1822, allowed modern people to translate Egyptian texts and to learn about Egyptian life and beliefs.

    C. Only a few people knew how to read and write. They were called scribes.

III. A Social Pyramid

    A. Egyptian society was like a pyramid, with only one person at the top, the king. The king was believed to be a god.

    B. Below the king, royal family, and nobility were the priests, government officials, and scribes. Below scribes were the craftsmen and skilled workers.

    C. Farmers formed the large base of the Egyptian social pyramid.

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