Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 20, Lesson 1: Changes on the Great Plains (pp. 504-507)

I. Plains Indian Life

II. The Life of Settlers

    A. Many former Union soldiers, white southerners, and African Americans moved west after the Civil War.

    B. Life on the Great Plains was hard for settlers, who had to deal with harsh weather and insects while trying to build their homes.

    C. Many immigrants also settled on the Great Plains.

III. Wars and Treaties

    A. Plains Indians fought to keep their land.

    B. Sometimes they compromised and signed treaties with the U.S. government, which usually did not keep its promises.

    C. Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull killed Colonel George Custer and all his men at the Battle of Little Big Horn in an attempt to defend sacred Sioux lands, but they were eventually defeated.

    D. Hundreds of Sioux were slaughtered in a massacre at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, in 1890.

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