Grade 5, Lesson Outline: Chapter 19, Lesson 2

Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 19, Lesson 2: The Home Fronts (pp. 483-488)

I. Hard Times in the South

II. Life in the North

    A. Similar problems existed in the North but were less severe.

    B. Northern manufacturing boomed and dishonest business people made fortunes by charging high prices while providing the government with shoddy goods.

III. Opposition to the War
    A. There was resentment of the draft on both sides.

    B. In the North, opposition to the draft and fear that freed African Americans would take jobs led to riots.

    C. Peace Democrats in the North challenged President Lincoln. Nevertheless, Lincoln was reelected in 1864.

IV. New Roles for Government

    A. In the South, the government began controlling factory production and influencing farm production.

    B. In the North, people had to pay income taxes and could be jailed without trial if they criticized the government.

    C. The northern Congress passed the Homestead Act in 1862 and also chose a route for a transcontinental railroad.

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