Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 18, Lesson 1: Crisis and Compromise (pp. 444-449)

I. The Balance of Power

II. Conflict over the Territories

    A. In 1819, the number of slave states and free states was equal. But the balance was changing.

    B. North and South strongly disagreed over whether Missouri should be a slave state.

    C. Speaker of the House, Henry Clay, convinced both sides to agree to a "Missouri Compromise," which made Missouri a slave state and Maine a free state. Free states and slave states were again equally represented in the Senate, but tensions remained.

III. Expansion and Compromise
    A. After the Missouri Compromise, northern industries thrived; cotton became a profitable crop in the South; and in the West, the US and Mexico fought a war over Texas.

    B. In 1845, Texas became a slave state. But four years later, southerners were upset when California applied as a free state.

    C. Under the Compromise of 1850, California was admitted as a free state, and slavery was allowed in the New Mexico and Utah territories.

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