Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 17, Lesson 1: Industrial Growth (pp. 422-425)

I. Inventions for Industry

II. Industry in the United States

    A. Samuel Slater came to America and in 1793 built the first American factory in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.

    B. Cotton was made into cloth in textile mills in the United States.

    C. Water from streams provided the power to run the first factories, most of which were in New England where rivers are plentiful.

    D. In larger factories, many unmarried women worked for 13 hours a day for a daily wage of 35 cents.

III. Changes in Transportation
    A. People built canals to transport goods through the wilderness.

    B. The most important canal was the Erie Canal, carved from 363 miles of wilderness between Albany and Buffalo, New York.

    C. The Erie Canal caused New York to grow rapidly and become the largest center of trade in the country.

    D. To compete with New York, cities began to build railroads to transport goods where canals could not go.

    E. Railroads and canals helped connect different parts of the country.

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