Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 5, Lesson 4: Gold Mining (pp. 125-129)

I. Finding a Mine

II. Mining for Gold

    A. With the panning method, a miner separated dirt and gold in a flat-bottomed pan.

    B. Pairs of miners often used a rocker that was a wooden box with a tray underneath it.

    C. A new method, called hydraulic mining, allowed miners to get at gold buried deeper in the ground.

III. Living in the Mines
    A. Maidu people living near SutterŐs Mill were some of the first people to be recruited to mine gold.

    B. Miners killed Indians and forced Chinese miners to live apart from others.

    C. While some forty-niners struck it rich, many made little or no money.

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