Houghton Mifflin Social Studies
Lesson at a Glance Outline

Chapter 5, Lesson 4: Gold Mining (pp. 125-129)

I. Finding a Mine

II. Mining for Gold

    A. With the panning method, a miner separated dirt and gold in a flat-bottomed pan.

    B. Pairs of miners often used a rocker that was a wooden box with a tray underneath it.

    C. A new method, called hydraulic mining, allowed miners to get at gold buried deeper in the ground.

III. Living in the Mines
    A. While some forty-niners struck it rich, many made little money.

    B. The miners' failure was made worse by the hard life at the mines.

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