Research References

Integrating the Language Arts

Allen, V.G. (1991). Teaching bilingual and ESL children. In J. Flood, J.M. Jensen, D. Lapp, & J.R. Squire (Eds.), Handbook of research on teaching the English language arts (356-364). New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Au, K.H. (1993). Literacy instruction in multicultural settings. Orlando: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Clarke, L.K. (1988). Invented versus traditional spelling in first graders' writings: Effects on learning to spell and read. Research in the Teaching of English, 22, 281-309.

Cooper, J.D. (1993). Literacy: Helping children construct meaning (2nd ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Dressel, J.H. (1990). The effects of listening to and discussing different qualities of children's literature on the narrative writing of fifth graders. Research in the Teaching of English, 24, 397-414.

Dyson, A.H., & Freedman, S.W. (1991). Writing. In J. Flood, J.M. Jensen, D. Lapp, & J.R. Squire (Eds.), Handbook of research on teaching the English language arts (754-774). New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Graves, D.H. (1991). Build a literate classroom. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Graves, D.H. (1984). A researcher learns to write. Exeter, NH: Heinemann Educational Books.

Graves, D.H. (1983). Writing: Teachers and children at work. Exeter, NH: Heinemann Educational Books.

Graves, D.H. (1975). An examination of the writing processes of seven year old children. Research in the Teaching of English, 9, 227-241.

Halliday, M.A.K. (1975). Learning how to mean. New York: Elsevier North-Holland.

Henderson, E.H., & Templeton, S. (1986). A developmental perspective of formal spelling instruction through alphabet, pattern, and meaning. The Elementary School Journal, 86, 304-316.

Hillocks, G., Jr. (1987). Synthesis of research on teaching writing. Educational Leadership, 45, 71-82.

Hillocks, G., Jr. (1984). What works in teaching composition: A meta-analysis of experimental treatment studies. American Journal of Education, 93, 133-170.

Hillocks, G., Jr., & Smith, M.W. (1991). Grammar and usage. In J. Flood, J.M. Jensen, D. Lapp, & J.R. Squire (Eds.), Handbook of research on teaching the English language arts (591-603). New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Hodges, R. (1991). The conventions of writing. In J. Flood, J.M. Jensen, D. Lapp, & J.R. Squire (Eds.), Handbook of research on teaching the English language arts (775-786). New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Langer, J.A. (1986). Reading, writing and understanding: An analysis of the construction of meaning. Written Communication, 3, 219-267.

Langer, J.A., & Applebee, A.N. (1987). How writing shapes thinking. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.

Loban, W.D. (1963). The language of elementary school children. Champaign, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.

Menyuk, P. (1984). Language development and reading. In J. Flood (Ed.), Understanding Comprehension (101-121). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

Pearson, P.D., & Tierney, R.J. (1984). On becoming a thoughtful reader: Learning to read like a writer. In A.C. Purves & O. Niles (Eds.), Becoming readers in a complex society, Eighty-third Yearbook of the National Society of the Study of Education (144-173).

Personke, C., & Knight, L. (1967). Proofreading and spelling: A report and a program. Elementary English, 44, 768-774.

Pinnell, G.S., & Jaggar, A.M. (1991). Oral language: Speaking and listening in the classroom. In J. Flood, J.M. Jensen, D. Lapp., & J.R. Squire (Eds.), Handbook of research on teaching the English language arts (691-720). New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Read, C. (1986). Children's creative spelling. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Read, C. (1971). Pre-school children's knowledge of English phonology. Harvard Educational Review, 42, 1-34.

Shanahan, T., & Lomax, R. (1988). A developmental comparison of three theoretical models of the reading-writing relationship. Research in Teaching English, 22, 196-212.

Sticht, T.G., & James, J.H. (1984). Listening and reading. In P.D. Pearson (Ed.), Handbook of Reading Research (293-317). New York: Longman.

Taylor, D., & Doresey-Gaines, C. (1988). Growing up literate. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Templeton, S. (1979). Spelling first, sound later: The relationship between orthography and higher order phonological knowledge in older students. Research in the Teaching of English, 13, 255-264.

Tierney, R.J., & Shanahan, T. (1991). Research on the reading-writing relationship: Interactions, transactions and outcomes. In R. Barr., M.L. Kamil, P. Mosenthal, & P.D. Pearson (Eds.), Handbook of reading research (246-280). New York: Longman.

Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind in Society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Weber, R. (1991). Language diversity and reading in American Society. In R. Barr, M.L. Kamil, P. Mosenthal, & P.D. Pearson (Eds.), Handbook of reading research (97-119). New York: Longman.

Wells, G. (1990). Creating the conditions to encourage literature thinking. Educational Leadership, 47(6), 13-17.

Wells, G. (1986). The meaning makers: Children learning language and using language to learn. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Wells, G. (1981). Learning through interaction: The study of language development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wilde, S. (1990). A proposal for a new spelling curriculum. Elementary School Journal, 90, 275-289.

Zutell, J. (1979). Spelling strategies of primary school children and their relationships to Piaget's concept of decentration. Research in the Teaching of English, 13, 69-80.


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