Activities at Home

Equal Shares for Breakfast

Help your child understand division concepts by explaining that dividing is the process of sharing to make equal groups.

What You Need:

  • Box of cereal
  • Paper towel
  • Paper and pencil

What You and Your Child Will Do:

  1. Ask your child to show 20 pieces of cereal on the paper towel. (Spill a handful of cereal on one end of the towel. Tell your child to count by 2s while pushing cereal pieces to the other end until there is a total of 20.)
  2. Now tell your child to pretend that the two of you will share this cereal for breakfast. Say, “Show me how to divide these 20 pieces into two equal groups, one group for each of us.”
  3. After your child divides the pieces, have him or her count the number in each group to confirm that there are now two equal groups of 10.
  4. Explain that there are two ways of writing, “twenty divided by two equals ten.” Have the child watch as you write:
    20 divided by two equals ten and twenty divided by two equals ten

    Now stop and eat your equal shares!

  5. Put another 20 pieces of cereal on the paper towel.
  6. Have your child pretend that ten people now want to share this much cereal! Say, “Show me how to divide these 20 pieces of cereal into 10 equal groups.”
  7. Give the child time to divide the pieces into 10 equal groups (of two).
  8. Explain that there are two ways of writing, “twenty divided by ten equals two.” Then write:
    twenty divided by ten equals two and twenty divided by ten equals two

More to Do:

  • Ask, “Which of the equal shares that you just made would you rather have?” Tell why.