Weekly Reader Connections

Teacher Guide: Lesson 10.3

The Weekly Reader Connections feature on Kids' Place Houghton Mifflin Math provides children with additional information about the topics that appear in the Curriculum Connection feature in their student books.

The article “Fixing the Flag” discusses the project of restoring the actual flag that flew in 1814 and which served as the inspiration for Francis Scott Key to write the poem that later became our national anthem. (The poem was written to match the meter of an English drinking song!) It wasn't until 1931 that Congress voted to make The Star-Spangled Banner our national anthem.

Make copies of the Star-Spangled Banner Worksheet for children's use in the Word Wise activity. (Do not distribute the worksheets until children have had time to write the words of the song on their own.) Ask children why they think the flag was called a “star-spangled banner.“ You may want to go over the worksheet with children by having them circle any words that they do not know, and discussing the meanings of the words.

For the Data Hunt activity, children will draw an early 15-star flag. Then they will answer a question requiring them to regroup 2 tens, 15 ones as 3 tens, 5 ones, or 35.

Note that although the original American flag had 13 stripes, the 1795 flag had 15 stripes and 15 stars. It was this flag for which the Star-Spangled Banner was written. (The flag of 1818 had 20 stars and returned to having 13 stripes.) Here is the actual arrangement of the stars and stripes on the 1795 flag.

Flag of 1795

Flag of 1795

Houghton Mifflin Math Grade 2