Teaching Models

Positional Words

Knowledge of positions is essential as people communicate in the classroom and in the real world. Young children are in a period of rapid language growth and knowledge of positional words such as above, below, inside, outside, right, and left enhances their ability to follow and give directions and to use language precisely.

Educators must be aware that a variety of positional words may apply to a situation such as describing the location of a book on a shelf: A book may be above another toy, on the top shelf, to the left of another object, and on top of another book. Using words in connection with concrete objects and situations helps children develop vocabulary, a process that should extend over the entire year. Modeling situations with emphasis on positional words also helps children learn the meanings of the words.

Teaching Model: Positional Words


Houghton Mifflin Math Grade K