Math Background

Division: Tips and Tricks

  • There are two distinct concepts of division, the idea of dividing into equal groups and the idea of repeated subtraction. Since all students visualize and understand things differently, be sure to allow your students to use both concepts to model division.
  • Have students check a partner's division by multiplying. This may seem less tedious to students than repeating their own work. Students may also approach this as a challenge to find another student's errors.
  • Base-ten blocks can be an excellent demonstration tool and powerful manipulative to teach division. If commercial blocks are not available, paper sets can be made, using construction paper.
  • Practice labeling division problems with dividend, divisor, and quotient before teaching students how to solve them. This helps students to learn which number represents each part of the problem.
Dividend divided by divisor equals quotient.

Houghton Mifflin Math Grade 4