Math Background

Schedules and Elapsed Time: Tips and Tricks

  • Provide the children with as much real clock experience as possible. The more hands-on practice they have using clocks to show time and find elapsed time, the better they will understand how time is expressed.
  • Allow children to make clocks using paper plates, construction paper for the hands, and paper fasteners. Children can have these at their desks, and at any time during the day you can have them take out their clocks and show a given time.
  • Help children develop a sense of how long a minute, 5 minutes, 15 minutes, and an hour are. Having a feel for these lengths of time will help children solve time problems more easily.
  • Use schedules as often as possible in your classroom. Seeing how schedules are developed and used in real life will help your children understand how to use them in their lessons.
  • Integrate calendar activities into your morning routine. Incorporate the concepts that are discussed in this chapter, and have your children use the calendar to find solutions to everyday problems you provide.
  • Remember to have a digital clock on hand. For some children digital clocks are more familiar. Compare digital and analog time; remind children that a digital clock shows the same time as an analog clock. The first number shows the hour, and the number after the colon shows the minutes after the hour.

Houghton Mifflin Math Grade 2