


Place Value to 999,999The foundation of our number system is the baseten placevalue system, which shows that the value of each place in a number is ten times the value of the place to its right. Your students learned place value to one thousand last year in Grade 2. See Place Value to 1,000. Look at the place value chart below.
This year, your students will extend their understanding of place value to hundred thousands.
Students begin third grade by reviewing numbers through 1,000, using baseten blocks. This model shows 1,247.
As students explore numbers through hundred thousands, they move away from concrete models.
The number represented in the placevalue chart above can be written in different ways.
Notice that the digit in the hundreds place is 0. Point out to students that 0 is a digit even though its value is 0. This concept is reinforced in the "Introducing the Concept" part of the lesson on this Web site. When students have a good understanding of place value to hundred thousands, you can move on to comparing and ordering greater numbers. Emphasize the importance of starting with the greatest place to compare numbers. See the examples in the second question in "When Students Ask." Students will rely upon their placevalue skills in Chapters 3 and 12 when they use regrouping with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division and when they learn to round numbers in this chapter. Three lessons are dedicated to rounding numbers. Those lessons provide your students with a stepbystep development of this concept. You can provide opportunities for students to round numbers by gathering data from newspapers or Web sites and having them round the numbers to specific places. This activity will help students learn key "rounding" words such as about, up to, and almost. 
