## Multiplication

• It is essential that students have multiplication facts committed to memory if they are to be successful with multiplying greater numbers. Flashcards are an excellent way for students to practice their multiplication facts. Use traditional flashcards or try using flashcard sites on the Internet such as Flashcards for Kids at http://www.edu4kids.com/math/ or allmath.com flashcards at http://www.allmath.com/flashcards.asp

• Have students play multiplication concentration. The objective of this game is to match factors with products. Write two factors, such as 4 x 3, on each of 10 index cards. Write the products of the factors on 10 other cards. (You may use some products more than once.) Turn all of the cards face down. The first player selects two cards. If the cards match, the student keeps the cards and takes another turn. If the two cards do not match, the cards are turned over and it is the next player's turn. Play continues until all of the cards are matched. The player with the most cards wins.

• Encourage students to use the terms "factor" and "product" frequently when learning multiplication. These terms are vital to their mathematical comprehension, now and in the future.

• When teaching multiplication facts, concentrate on one factor at a time. For example, have your students learn their multiplication facts for 2 before moving on to 1, 0, and other factors. Multiplication Bingo is a great education game. Prepare a different bingo card for each student. Write multiplication expressions such as 3 x 7 on each card. (Each expression should have a different product.) Call out a random product and have students cover the square that has the corresponding expression with a bean or counter. The first student to completely cover a row, column, or diagonal is the winner.

• Construct a multiplication property bulletin board in your classroom. Have students provide examples of the following properties and post them on the board: commutative property, associative property, identity property, and the property of zero.

Multi-digit by one-digit:

Properties of Multiplication:

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