Your children have encountered problems using pictures prior to reading and solving word problems. You may want to begin by having children work through and discuss picture stories before going on to reading story problems. The most important part of the lesson should be to show children how to use different strategies for justifying their answers.

Materials: large sheets of paper for demonstration, counters, connecting cubes, beans, or other manipulatives

Preparation: Prepare several picture story problems such as shown here.

Prerequisite Skills and Concepts: Children should know how to add and subtract facts to 6.

Begin by displaying the first picture on the board.

• Ask: Who can tell me what is happening in the first picture?
Children should say that there are 3 children at the bus stop, and 1 more child is running to join the group.

• Ask: Who can tell me what is happening in the second picture?
Children should say that now there are 4 children at the bus stop.

Children will probably say, add because another child is joining the group.

• Say: That is correct. When something is joined, we add.

• Ask: Who would like to tell us the number sentence and write it on the board?
The child should write 3 + 1 = 4.