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Primary Sources

Glossary

abundance
A large, plentiful amount.
Admiral
The sailor in charge of a group of boats.
affirm
To state as being true.
afresh
Again.
ancestor
Person from whom others descended.
archives
A place or collection containing records, documents, or other papers of historical interest.
armed forces
The military.
article
A section of an official document.
attendant
A person who helps or serves other people.
backlog
A large log in the back of a fireplace.
bedstead
A bed frame.
bill of fare
Menu.
binding
Legally required to obey.
cable
A strong, thick rope.
castle
A private and secure place.
claim
Land taken in a formal manner by a miner or homesteader.
compulsory
Required.
conclude
Decide.
contrary
Opposed or opposite.
design
Aim or purpose.
determine
To decide.
diligence
Sticking with something; persistence.
doctrine
A rule or principle of law that has been established by previous court decisions.
dress wounds
To apply medicine or bandages.
expenditures
Expenses.
export
A product sold to people and businesses in another country.
exteriorally
On the outside.
foment
To help something grow.
hereunto
Here, in this place.
hewn
Cut with an axe.
Honorable Body
Used as a title of respect for a group of high government officials.
inherently
By its very nature.
interiorally
On the inside.
invested
Provided or given.
league
A distance of three miles.
merit
Great worth, value, or talent.
modesty
Being unlikely to boast about one's own abilities.
noblest
Something extremely courageous, generous, and selfless.
notwithstanding
Despite something.
parties
People who have gathered to participate in an activity.
perpetual
Constant, without ending.
plaintiffs
The people who bring a case to court.
plough
To break up and turn the earth with a heavy blade so that seeds may be planted.
political disabilities
Political disadvantages, such as not having the right to vote.
poop
A platform that sits above the main deck at the back of a boat.
prospect
To search for gold.
pseudonym
A make-believe name, especially a name used for writing.
ratified
Officially approved, in this case by the President.
rations
A fixed amount of food.
rawhide
Dried skin from cattle or another animal.
relief
Removal of a burden.
residing
Living in a place permanently.
riseth
Wakes up.
rush
A marsh plant.
sachem
A chief of an American Indian tribe.
scarce
Barely.
situated
Placed under particular circumstances.
somewhat
Something.
sow
To plant.
stalk
The branch of a plant.
tangible
Something that physically exists and can be touched.
trot
To move quickly.
tyrant
Someone who rules over someone else, often in a cruel manner.
vessel
A boat.
W.
The direction west.
W.S.W.
The direction west southwest.
whereof
Of which.