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Glossary

advancements
Improvements.
allegiance
Loyalty to something or someone.
bushel
A unit of measurement equal to a little more than 9 gallons.
cartographer
Someone who makes maps.
code
A system of words with a hidden meaning used to share a secret message.
condor
A large bird that lives in the California mountains and has a wingspan of 10 feet.
conquistador
The term used for Spanish soldiers during the 1500s who conquered parts of Central, South, and North America.
conservationist
A person who works to protect natural resources and the environment.
constellation
A group of stars that looks like a figure when viewed from the earth and connected by imaginary lines.
domestic
A country's internal affairs.
drinking gourd
A plant such as a pumpkin or squash that has been hollowed out to create a cup for drinking.
essence
The meaning.
feed
Food for animals; in this case, corn.
galleon
A large ship with three masts, used by Spain from the 1400s to the 1600s.
govern
To make decisions for.
hustle
To act with energy.
immigrant
A person who has moved from one country to another.
industry
All the people and companies that sell similar goods or services.
insure
To make sure, guarantee.
interviewer
Someone who conducts an interview.
lyrics
Words of a song.
meal
Grains made from grasses such as wheat or oats.
naturalization
The way that immigrants become citizens of the United States.
oath
Solemn promise.
ordain
To make into law.
peninsula
A piece of land that sticks out into the ocean.
permanent resident
Someone living in the United States who is not a U.S. citizen but who has received legal permission to stay as an immigrant.
persistent
Not giving up.
posterity
Children and all future descendants.
preamble
An introduction.
quail
A type of bird.
retain
To keep.
stock
Livestock or farm animals.
tranquility
Peace, calmness.
union
A united group.
unique
One of a kind.
welfare
Well-being.
will
Desire.