Houghton Mifflin: World History: Ancient Civilizations

Use the links below to view maps of important events and historical trends.

Chapter 1: The Tools of History

Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection
A variety of scanned historical maps at the University of Texas at Austin.
Archaeology Maps and Timeline
A clickable map and timeline for archaeological sites around the world.

Chapter 2: The Earliest Human Societies

Location, Location, Location: The First Farmers
This article by Professor Jared Diamond includes a map showing the spread of agriculture from the Fertile Crescent.
Farms Take Humans to the Future
This National Geographic article includes a map showing when and where agriculture began around the world.

Chapter 3: Ancient Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia to 2500 B.C.E.
A map of Mesopotamia.
Fertile Crescent Map
A map of the Fertile Crescent region during the time of Sumer.

Chapter 4: Early Empires

A map of the ancient city of Babylon.
The Assyrian Empire
This map shows the growth of the Assyrian Empire.
The Persian Empire Under Cyrus II
A map of the Persian Empire under the rule of Cyrus II in 529 B.C.

Chapter 5: Ancient Egypt

Mummy Excavations Around the World
This Discovery Channel Canada Web site contains an interactive map of mummy discoveries and excavations around the world. Users can click on the map to read about these mummies, about how mummies are made, and about what scientists can learn from such discoveries.
Map of Ancient Egypt
Users can click on a region shown on the map to view a detailed map of that region. Regional map pages also contain links to articles about ancient Egypt's history, language, religion, and daily life.

Chapter 6: Kush and Other African Kingdoms

Ancient Nubia
A map of upper and lower Nubia.
Ancient Ethiopian City of Aksum
A map of ancient Aksum.

Chapter 7: Ancient India

Asoka's Empire
A map of Asoka’s Empire in central and northern India around 270 B.C.
The Mauryan Empire, 250 B.C.
A map of the Mauryan Empire in India around 250 B.C.
The Gupta Empire, c. 4th century B.C.
A map of the Gupta Empire in India during the 4th century B.C.

Chapter 8: Ancient China

Arts of Asia
Maps for all of China’s dynasties, including the Shang, Zhou, Qin, and Han. Also included are maps of the Great Wall and the Silk Road.

Chapter 9: Ancient America

Extent of Moche Culture
Map showing the extent of Moche culture.
Nazca Lines: Map of Figures
Map showing the shape and postion of the Nazca figures and lines.
Olmec Civilization
Map showing the relationship of the Olmec civilization to the later Mayan and Aztec empires.

Chapter 10: The Hebrew Kingdoms

Canaan c. 1200 B.C.
Map of Canaan before the Hebrews.
Egypt: Map of the Exodus from Travel Egypt
A map from 1712 of the Israelites' Exodus from Egypt, “The Great Journey Into the Wilderness.”
The Divided Kingdom
Map of the divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

Chapter 11: Ancient Greece

Map of Ancient Greece
A detailed and clickable map of ancient Greece with descriptions of the different city-states and islands.
Map of Ancient Greece
A map of ancient Greek city-states overlaid on a modern satellite image of the region.
Where Was Sparta?
Series of maps locating Sparta and text describing its geographical and political relationship to its neighbors.
The Persian Wars, 499–479 B.C.
Simple map of the Persian Wars.

Chapter 12: Classical Greece

Map of Athens and Piraeus in Socrates and Plato's Time
A map of Athens' defensive walls.
Greece at the Beginning of the Peloponnesian War 431 B.C.
A map showing Athens, Sparta, and their respective allies at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War.
Alexander's Empire-Map of “The Persian Boy”
A detailed map of Alexander's route, his empire, and major cities.
Alexandrias Around the World
A map and listing of all the cities around the world named “Alexandria.”

Chapter 13: The Rise of Rome

The Seven Hills of Rome
A map of the seven hills of Rome and text descriptions about the early city.
The Roman Republic, 509–27 B.C.
A map of Roman territory near the end of the Republic.
Provinces of the Roman Empire
A map of Roman provinces throughout the history of the empire.

Chapter 14: The Birth of Christianity

Frontline: From Jesus to Christ
This Public Broadcasting Service site has four maps: “The Spread of Christianity,” “The Roman Empire,” “The Jewish Diaspora,” and “The Communities of the Gospels.”

Chapter 15: Rome's Decline and Legacy

The Roman Empire: 18 Centuries in 19 Maps
A series of maps that covers all of Roman history.
Byzantine Empire
A series of maps showing the borders of the Byzantine Empire.

Houghton Mifflin History–Social Science World History: Ancient Civilizations