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South Africa

South Africa is a country at the southern tip of Africa. Much of the center of the country is a high plateau. A plateau is land that is higher than most of the land around it. A plateau may be fairly level on top. Mountains and cliffs separate South Africa's plateau from the southern regions. South Africa also has two deserts: the Kalahari and the Namib. Most of South Africa has a mild and sunny climate with little rain.

Transportation and Communication in South Africa

South Africa has a very good road system, the best in Africa. It also has excellent ways of passing on information. A number of newspapers and magazines are published in South Africa. Television and radio programs are broadcast daily.

South Africa's Resources

South Africa has many resources. The best known are gold and diamonds, but it has other minerals. Some people in South Africa work in mining and in plants that process the minerals.

South Africa's farms produce almost all the food the country needs. The farms raise fruits and vegetable crops. South Africa is one of the world's biggest sheep-raising countries. Farmers raise other livestock as well.

South Africa is also known for its interesting kinds of wildlife. One of these animals is the cheetah. Cheetahs are large members of the cat family. They can run 65 miles per hour. Sadly, these beautiful animals are in danger of dying out. As people build more houses and roads, the cheetahs have less land to live on.

One wildlife group in South Africa is trying to protect the big cats. The group is working to find out how many cheetahs are left in South Africa and where they roam. To track the animals, they use radio collars, cameras, and aircraft. Experts will use what they learn to find ways to save cheetahs.