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Biographies Unit Biographies

Sacagawea 1786?-1812
American Indian Who Helped Lewis and Clark

Sacagawea (sah KAH guh WEE uh) was a Shoshone (SHOH shoh nee) Indian. She was born in what is today Idaho. In 1804, Sacagawea met Meriwether Lewis and Richard Clark. They were two explorers that President Jefferson had hired. Their job was to explore the land between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Ocean. Lewis and Clark needed someone to help them speak with the American Indians they would meet.

Sacagawea went with Lewis and Clark on their journey. She knew different languages and could help them speak with American Indians. She gathered wild plants to eat. When a boat tipped over, she saved important papers from being lost. Sacagawea helped make Lewis and Clark's journey a success.

Comprehension Check

In what way did Sacagawea help Lewis and Clark?

Critical Thinking

What might Lewis and Clark's expedition have been like if Sacagawea had not helped them?