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  1. Explore It
    This map shows major movements and battles in the Pacific region during World War II. Which Allied advance appears to be the shortest?
  2. Find It
    Which of the major battles was fought in 1943?
  3. Follow It
    Before 1945, the Allied advances came in two broad sweeps. From what directions did they come?
Learn More About It

For the United States, fighting in the Pacific began with the attack on Pearl Harbor. It ended in August 1945 with Japan's surrender after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In between, American and Allied forces fought many battles against the Japanese. This map shows some of the most important ones. To fight these battles, the Allies had to move soldiers and equipment across the vast Pacific Ocean. Every advance—even the shortest ones—depended on thousands of ships, submarines, and airplanes, as well as the bravery of thousands of sailors.
Check Your Answers
  1. The advance leading to Iwo Jima appears to be the shortest.
  2. Tarawa.
  3. West from Hawaii and north from Australia.