Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Shake, Rattle, and Quake!
Have you ever felt the floor below you shake? The ground we walk on seems
solid until an earthquake strikes. Suddenly the earth heaves and slides. Things
topple off shelves. Deep cracks open in the ground where none were before. In the past few
years, people everywhere have witnessed these events as major earthquakes
struck their countries. The activity below will help you better understand how
earthquakes affect people around the world.
- Choose a partner. Imagine that you are both investigative reporters. You have
been asked to write a news story about the major earthquakes that took place in
Taiwan and Turkey in 1999. Your news story must give your audience enough
information to understand how earthquakes work and to visualize the destruction
earthquakes cause. Remember that your story should also answer who, what, where,
when, why and how.
- Research the earthquakes that happened in Taiwan and Turkey. Use newspaper and
magazine articles, and visit the Yahoo! Web site at
http://headlines.yahoo.com/Full_Coverage/Yahooligans/Earthquakes to learn more
about these events.
- Answer the questions below to help organize your information.
|Earthquake Information Chart|
|When did the earthquakes take place?
Where did the earthquakes happen? Describe the places, the people who live there, and the types of
buildings that are found there. What happened to the places during the
|Why did the earthquakes happen? Describe the type of land
formations in the area. Could the two earthquakes be related?
|Describe the recovery efforts, and how people are preparing for possible future earthquakes.
- Use your answers to help you write your story. Then review what you have
written. Make sure your work includes enough detailed information to explain what
happened during these events.
- Create storyboards to illustrate your news story. Choose the most interesting
parts of the story and create pictures to highlight these parts. If available,
use a drawing or painting program to create your storyboards.
- Present your news story and storyboards to your classmates as if you were
broadcasting your story on the evening news. Make sure you pay close attention to
your classmates' stories as they may help you present your own.
The 1906 San Francisco earthquake is the most famous American earthquake. Visit
the Museum of the City of San Francisco Web site at
http://www.sfmuseum.org/1906/06.html to learn more about this deadly quake. Read
eyewitness accounts, see photos of the quake and its aftermath, and read
newspaper articles. Then, with your family, compare the 1906 earthquake to a
modern quake. How are the two similar? How are they different?