Lesson 16.7: Art Connection

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Ancient Art Saved

Not long ago, water flooded the ancient city of Zeugma in Turkey, a country in the Middle East. In the months before, Turkish officials had opened a dam. This caused the flood. Water poured into the city at the rate of 1 foot a day.

Parts of Zeugma were built 2,300 years ago. Ancient artists had painted scenes of daily life on many of the city's buildings. The rising water threatened to destroy this ancient art.

More than 250 scientists sprang into action to save the art. They carefully took down some of the art-covered walls and carried them to safety. They saved many art treasures. Then they studied this art to find out more about ancient Turkey.

Word Wise

ancient:
From a long time ago: The workers found an ancient building buried in the ground.

official:
Person who works for a government: Some officials check cars to make sure that they are safe.

dam:
Barrier that blocks water from flowing: We lined up rocks to make a dam to keep water from flooding our yard.

rate:
An amount of something compared to 1 unit of something else: He rode his bike at a rate of 5 miles in 1 hour.

scene:
A view: The painting was a scene of a house in a forest.

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Activity

You know that the word show begins with the sound sh. But did you know that the word official also has the sound of sh? Say the words show and official to yourself. Then say each one out loud.

Write two more words that, like show, begin with the letters sh. Write two more words that, like official, have the sh sound somewhere else.

Data Hunt

Turkish rugs are one of the most treasured kinds of Turkish art. For hundreds of years, Turkish weavers have been known for their weaving of fine rugs. Most of the rugs are woven of wool. Most Turkish rugs are rectangular. Many have fringes on each of the ends.

A Turkish rug has a pattern in the middle and a border that goes all the way around. Many of the patterns are made up of geometric shapes of many colors. While some might have shades of red and blue, others might be in shades of brown, orange, and yellow.

Print the Turkish Rug Worksheet (PDF file). Look closely at each rug design. Tell someone which geometric shapes you see in each design. Then:

  1. Get colored pencils, pointed markers, or crayons and decide on three or four colors that you would like to use for each rug.
  2. Plan which shapes should have which colors.
  3. Use your plan to color your own beautiful Turkish rugs.

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