Lesson 10.3: Social Studies Connection

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Fixing the Flag

Our national anthem is “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Did you know that it was written about a flag that is about 200 years old? The flag is in a museum in Washington, D.C. It was worn out and full of holes.

Fixing the flag was a big job. It is 42 feet long and 30 feet wide! Workers had to remove material on the back of the flag. They had to cut almost 2 million stitches! Then they had to mend all the holes. Now the old flag looks new again.

Word Wise

national anthem:
A patriotic song: Many countries have their own national anthems.

A flag: The team has a red banner.

material:
Cloth, or fabric: Her dress is made of soft material.

mend:
Repair, or put back into good condition: Dad will mend the hole in my mitten.

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Activity

Our national anthem has four verses. Sing the first verse of the Star-Spangled Banner aloud. Sing it alone or with your class. Here's a start: “Oh, say, can you see, by the dawn's early light...”

  • Write the words of the anthem on a sheet of paper. Sing the words to yourself to help you write.
  • Get a Star-Spangled Banner worksheet from your teacher.
  • Compare the words you wrote to the words on the worksheet. How well did you know the words?
  • Circle any words you do not know on the worksheet. Find the definitions in a dictionary.

Now you can say that you know the words to the National Anthem!

Data Hunt

There are 13 stripes and 50 stars on the flag in your school.

American Flag

The Star-Spangled Banner was written long ago. When the song was written, the flag had 15 stripes and 15 stars. Today the American flag has 13 stripes and 50 stars. The 13 stripes are for the 13 American colonies. The 50 stars are for the 50 states.

  1. Draw a flag with 15 stripes and 15 stars.
  2. The old flag had this many fewer stars than the flag in your school: 2 tens, 15 ones.
  3. Regroup to find out how many fewer stars there were on the old flag.